Monday, 24 July 2017

Is Adderall Like Methamphetamine?

A new drug has been created to improve job performance. It is the most commonly prescribed drug for patients diagnosed with ADHD and is now used by college and university students in the United States to stimulate brain neurons to bring studying habit to another level.

  • Students nationwide have been getting this controlled substance to increase awareness and accomplish their assignments well into the night.
  • The Center for Disease Control and Prevention revealed that 1 in 5 students admit using Adderall, also called the “study drug” even without being diagnosed with ADHD or ADD.
  • Despite the fact that this drug is widely known and gaining more and more acceptance among university students, the dangers that come with it may not be as widely known.

Adderall is an amphetamine and is characterized by its derivative, which is methamphetamine.

Although Adderall does not contain the methyl group found in meth, it still has the many dangers of the hard drug. Many students obtain Adderall pills using self-made prescriptions or using prescriptions they get from their friends.

Adderall can lead to harmful bodily reactions, even death.

For example, Adderall can cause your heart rate to increase and if you have an unknown heart condition, your heart can overwork and eventually shut down. Being an amphetamine by nature can also cause Adderall users to develop an addiction.

During the finals week, many social media sites like Twitter record more than 213,000 tweets of Adderall use.

Students have become pressured to finish assignments on a set time and many are also involved in extracurricular activities. As these students attempt to do so much in a day, they may be driven to take Adderall to increase their performance. Many students who do not medicate with Adderall tend to feel disadvantaged.

However, a number of medical professionals reveal that the opposite is true. Those who do not opt to use drugs are able to develop certain methods in life as opposed to those who are dependent on drugs, which can lead to more dangers like the addiction.

Meth is being used since the World War II among pilots who needed a stimulant to stay alerted for extended periods of time even without rest.

On the streets, crystal meth is recognized as one of the hardest drugs. The Narconon International recently released a video explaining the dangers brought about by crystal meth. Your body is able to develop an adaptation to the food that you consume but as you gradually turn away from food due to drugs, many negative reactions are expected to occur.

Drain cleaner, lantern fuel, antifreeze, battery acid, and red phosphorus are just some of chemical used to make meth.

Meth can be crafted in illicit laboratories as small as 20 ounces or more in organized laboratories. The ingredients used to make meth should not go inside the body as they can be found at your local grocery store. Both crystal meth and Adderall are dangerous and extremely addictive.

If you opt to use Adderall without getting prescribed for it, you can experience a lot of adverse effects that make it a risk not worth taking. Visit a drug rehab center in Delaware for more info,

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How Do You Make Crystal Methamphetamine?

Methamphetamine makers do not always make use of anhydrous ammonia to make the drug, but it may be used to make what many meth users take as the purest form of the drug. Meth makers make use of anhydrous ammonia instead of red phosphorus in order to get meth from ephedrine through the chemical reaction of mixing it with lithium. The latter is often taken from battery innards. In many meth recipes, anhydrous meth is included as in the popular Nazi and shake and bake methods.

  • In order to fully understand how hazardous anhydrous ammonia could be, the National Ag Safety Database reveals that it is a hydroscopic compound in that it looks for water from a nearby source, which includes your body.
  • Your eyes, skin, and lungs are put at risk as they contain the most moisture in your body.
  • When anhydrous ammonia has dissolved into your body tissue, caustic burns may come as a result.
  • The majority of anhydrous ammonia-related deaths are due to severe damage to the lungs and throat or from getting a direct blast on one’s face.
  • When copious amounts of anhydrous ammonia are inhaled, your throat can swell shut and you could suffocate.
  • Being exposed to liquid or vapor may cause you to be blind.

Anhydrous ammonia has a low boiling point.

The chemical can freeze if it comes in contact with room temperature. With this, Anhydrous Ammonia may cause burns that can be more serious than the burns you get from dry ice. In normal air pressure and temperature, anhydrous ammonia appears as a colorless glass, but it can also be transported and used under pressure in a liquid state. All of the equipment that is used to transfer and apply the liquid form of anhydrous ammonia needs to be designed for high-pressure use in order to avoid breaks or ruptures.

Anhydrous ammonia is characterized by a certain odor, which you can sense in concentrations of at least 5 ppm (parts per million).

When anhydrous ammonia is placed in fertilizer, it can have a concentration of around 1 million ppm. A short exposure to anhydrous ammonia concentrations ranging from 2,500-6,500 ppm, therefore, may lead to death. When anhydrous ammonia is opted for fertilizing crops, it may be deadly when inhaled for a long time.

Moreover, a lot of injuries occur when thieves inhale or get blasted in their face when trying to steal from pressurized tanks that cause their throats to swell then close. Getting exposed to the liquid or vapors of anhydrous ammonia may lead to severe burns as well as blindness.

Thieves try to steal this chemical from the large tanks on farms or co-ops by way of a hose similar to that of car wash’s vacuum although smaller in diameter.

Anhydrous ammonia can be stored in pressurized vessels like fire extinguishers and propane tanks for some time. However, it can also be placed in small quantities in a thermos or cooler with the shake and bake method of making meth.

Its corrosive properties may lead to the fittings on the vessels to turn blue due to being corroded. Thus, you should never opt for a propane tank with fittings that have already turned blue as it could already be weakened and an explosion is likely to occur. It would be best to visit the nearest rehab centers to protect your health.

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How Long Does Opiates Stay In Urine?

There are a lot of people who are suffering from severe pain every day. Many of these patients end up using opiates just to find relief from their pains and be able to bring back normalcy in life. Even though such medications are extremely effective for pain alleviation, opiates can still have several adverse effects in those who use it.

  • For you to have a precise understanding of the duration that such medications remain in your body, you need to look at the particular drug that you have chosen.
  • Once you are able to figure out the half-life of the drug you are taking, you could multiply that by 5.5 to have a rough estimate.
  • Generally, it takes anywhere between 24.75 and 25 hours for the drug Oxycontin to be eliminated from your body entirely.
  • Take caution as the majority of opiates tend to clear from the body in a minimum of 5-7 days.

How many days do opiates clear in urine?

You should know that the duration of opiates in your urine can vary with other individuals. In urine, drugs generally dissipate a lot faster. Medical experts reveal that majority of opiates take 2-3 days to disappear from urine. However, note that the dose of opiate consumed every day will further determine how quick opiates clear from your body.

Natural opioids come from natural opium poppy plant.

There are certain opioid drugs that are entirely man-made and made in labs, but a natural opiate is taken directly from the plant with its milk coming from the plant’s seed pods. Although they can be less harmful than synthesized products, natural opiates are still addictive and can lead to fatal respiratory depression.

Opium has long been used as a remedy for nervous system disorders, migraines, and cancers and as an anesthetic. One example of a natural opiate is morphine, which is usually prescribed for pain relief but it is also frequently used illicitly for purposes of achieving euphoria.

Man-made opiates act in the similar area of your brain targeted by opium and can also produce similar effects as with natural opiates.

Synthetic opiates can offer treatment therapies for addiction to opiates. These are created with chemicals that are not derived from the poppy plant or opium or morphine. The actual chemicals that are used in synthetic opiates vary with each chemist and each drug. An example of a popular semi-synthetic opiate is heroin, which also happens to be the most abused opiate in the world.

Heroin is actually derived from morphine; heroin, as well as OxyContin, often include opiates. They are considered semi-synthetic because of the presence of other natural opiates.

This kind of medication is developed to be a safer alternative for opiate users although it has mostly similar side effects as with other opioid drugs. Both natural opium alkaloids and synthetic ones are associated with the production of this type of medication.

Opioids can offer a sense of well-being and euphoria, which can cause addiction in some individuals.

The legitimate use of opioids is for the treatment of pain. Used for this purpose, many will develop drug tolerance so that they will need more of the drug to produce a similar effect. Some may develop addiction and opiates become their obsession. They can also engage in illicit activities like double doctoring.

A large amount of opioid consumption can result in death due to respiratory or cardiac arrest. A tolerance to the euphoria achieved with opioids can develop more quickly than a tolerance to its dangerous effects. Thus, many overdoses on opioids by mistake when they desire to get high.

An opioid overdose is still reversible in hospitals and addiction centers using intravenous naltrexone. Should you need help, contact emergency right away if you feel you’re in danger of overdosing.

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High-Functioning Alcoholic: The Issues Will Come Out Eventually

Most of the time, the world "alcohol" paints a picture of a person whose life is in complete disarray because of drinking too much. However, not all alcoholics may be categorized into such a stereotype. There is, in fact, another kind of alcoholic known as high-functioning alcoholics.

  • High-functioning alcoholics often appear to have everything going smooth sailing.
  • They may be drinking copious amounts of alcohol, but they simultaneously excel in their work and academics and also have good relationships with their family and friends.
  • Often, their success works against them by making them believe that their drinking is under control.
  • However, after a few months or years, the alcoholism can catch up with them.

It may be very challenging to deal with high-functioning alcoholics.

Often, they are in deep denial concerning their problems with alcohol. After all, they were able to manage an appearance of success despite their impending addiction. Also, many high-functioning alcoholics have loved ones who act like their accomplices by covering up for the consequences of their habits. These people unconsciously enable or encourage the behavior of their alcoholic friend by allowing him to continuously be destructive.

A high-functioning alcoholic is often educated and middle-aged, possibly married with a good family and has a successful career.

Contrary to the stigma of a lonely, desolate and destitute alcoholic, family members and friends may not be able to recognize that a drinking problem even exists. All day these high-functioning alcoholics stay productive by going to work, going to the gym, and then go home and slug two bottles of wine or other liquor in excess. Often, family members consider this as their normal behavior since the person is still keeping up with his obligations. High-functioning alcoholics may not be drinking every single day but they may engage in several episodes of heavy drinking or binging every few days. High-functioning alcoholics may not recognize their drinking problem. It is what leads to a double life separating personal and professional life with drinking life. Although it may seem that this person has his life in order and on the surface does not appear to suffer from alcohol use disorder, high-functioning alcoholics are likely to have developed a tolerance to alcohol. Hence, the need to take in more amount each time just to get drunk.

Other warning signs you should watch out for are:

  • The inability to stick to limits on their drinking successfully.
  • The need to drink alcohol to relax or relieve stress.
  • Frequently jokes about alcoholism or alcohol use.
  • Engaging in hazardous behaviors when drinking such as driving under the influence or going for risky sexual encounters.
  • Show periods of sobriety with restlessness, mood swings, agitation, and irritability.
  • Justifies the drinking as a form of reward.
  • Drinking in secret or by oneself.
  • Periodic blackouts and memory lapses
Also, the person may go through withdrawal symptoms and feel hungover when they remove drinking alcohol from their habits. Many highly functional alcoholics are able to train themselves to be able to function normally despite the negative effects of alcohol on their body. This will also be made possible with the help of addiction treatment center. Often, the signs of addiction are the loss of productivity in school or at work and the inability to fulfill work and family obligations consistently. However, a highly-functional alcoholic may not show similar signs. Over time, alcohol affects the brain negatively eventually making the person non-functional. As such, it may get more difficult to get tasks done through time. Detox of South Florida is committed to providing educational articles to help those who are struggling with addiction, to make the change to living an addiction free life. Check out the playlist below to see more info.   [button link="tel:863-623-4923" type="big" color="green" newwindow="yes"] Call Now![/button]

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Friday, 21 July 2017

Is Cocaine an Opiate | West Palm Beach

Definition of Cocaine

Cocaine is a powerful stimulant drug that comes from the coca leaves. For centuries, South America people chewed and ingested the coca leaves to get the extra energy needed for farm works. The drug also helps them breathe in thin air in high altitude mountain areas. Currently, the US government labeled cocaine as a Schedule II drug, meaning that the drug contains addictive properties. However, doctors can still use cocaine in their medical procedure as a local anesthesia in surgeries for the eye, ear, and throat. The drug typically sold in the black markets as a fine, white and crystalline powder.

Some of the street names of cocaine include:

  •    coke
  •    C
  •    snow
  •    powder
  •    blow
Drug dealers often mix or (‘cut’) cocaine using readily available materials like talcum powder, cornstarch, flour, baking soda to increase their profits. Some users even mix cocaine with another drug like heroin and call it a ‘Speedball’.

History of Cocaine

The purified form of cocaine, cocaine hydrochloride was first extracted from the plant more than a century ago.  During the early 1900’s, purified cocaine was used as the main ingredient for various elixirs and tonics. These so-called ‘medicinal’ tonics believed to treat several diseases. Cocaine was even the main ingredient in the early recipe of the famous Coca-Cola drink. Before the discovery of local anesthetic, the medical community used cocaine to block pain in some surgical procedures.  However, several types of research emerge indicating that the potent stimulant can cause damage in the brain functions and its structures.

How Cocaine is consumed

Users usually snort, smoke and inject cocaine. It is a fast acting drug which can immediately felt within 2 seconds to minutes after the last dose. It usually lasts between five minutes to ninety minutes. This can result in mental effects such as:
  •    loss of contact with the real world
  •    the intense feeling of happiness
  •    agitation
  •    fast heart rate
  •    sweating
  •    dilates pupils

In higher doses, the drug can cause:

  •    high blood pressure
  •    high body temperature
  •    anxiety
  •    sleep disorders
  •    paranoia
  •    tremors and muscle twitches
  •    nausea and vomiting
  •    rapid and weak pulse
  •    chest pain
  •    heart attack
  •    kidney failure
  •    seizures
  •    convulsions
  •    brain hemorrhage
  •    stroke

What are opiates?

Opioids are a group of drugs derived from the Asian poppy plant. They affect the central nervous system and the spinal cord. Experts designed these drugs as chemically similar to interact with opioid receptors in the brain.

Some of the drugs that belong to this class are:

  •    heroin
  •    fentanyl
  •    oxycontin
  •    hydrocodone
  •    codeine
  •    methadone
  •    morphine
These type of drugs are used as pain management medications and generally safe if taken for a short period of time. Doctors often prescribe the drugs after a surgical procedure to help them deal with the pain. However, even when prescribed legally the drugs can still produce tolerance and euphoria. Some users manage their way misusing the drug, either taking it longer or in higher doses. Drug overdose and deaths are common in opiate abuse.

How opioids work

Opioids bind the opioid receptors in the brain that controls pain, digestion and other bodily functions. Once these drugs flooded the brain’s receptors they weakened the person’s perception of pain. However, they also affect the reward system of the brain, producing euphoria which the users seek. Some people fall pray into this euphoric feeling and eventually get addicted to opiates. It somehow leads in taking the prescription drug longer and in higher doses as the addiction develops. This put the users at a higher risk of serious health problems, drug overdose even death. The best way to avoid opiate addiction is to follow the strict prescription of doctors and take it only as needed.

Opiates statistics

Opioid addiction is on the rise, and opioid overdose deaths are a common scenario in emergency rooms nowadays. These drugs can repress the breathing process of the user, in an overdose scenario, the heart completely stops beating.
  •    Around 200,000 people die from prescription drugs like opiates annually.
  •    About 75% of those people are just teenagers.

Differences of Cocaine and Opiates

To sum it up and for the information of those who are in drug detox, cocaine does not belong to opiates as it acts as a stimulant. Opiates, on the other hand, bind receptors in the brain to dull pain, in some opiates it acts as a sedative. There are several more differences between the two drugs.

Here are some of them:

  •    Cocaine contains more addictive properties than any other drugs.
  •    This drug can kill users through cardiotoxicity, an extreme condition of the heart. Meanwhile, opiates repressed or decrease the breathing process of the user.
  •    Since cocaine directly affects the heart it can cause immediate death, but opiates like in heroin, some of the effects are reversible using naloxone.
  •    Cocaine came from the leaves of coca plant while opiates are derived from poppy plants.
  •    Opiates often regarded as ‘downer’ it slows the user’s movements. Users often feel more relaxes and subdued. These drugs are often used a medical management for moderate to severe pain.
  •    On the other hand, cocaine gives a stimulating effect referred to as ‘upper’. The drug can produce extreme happiness, elated and overly active.
  •    Thus cocaine is a stimulant while opiates are depressants.
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Thursday, 20 July 2017

How Much Is A Gram Of Cocaine?

Growing cocaine elsewhere can be a challenge, but it is possible. Also, cocaine needs a high level of industrialization to be produced. It has been estimated that around 297g of dry coca leaf can yield a gram of cocaine, which explains why its cost is more expensive than most other illicit drugs. By comparison, 297g of dried marijuana can yield the same amount of smokeable marijuana. As such, small-time barons opt to grow pot instead.

  • Cocaine is derived from 4 variations of the Erythroxylaceae shrub that hails from the South America.
  • Indigenous tribes were known to chew on the leaves of the plant for a long time pre-European settlement.
  • By 1855, the German chemist Friedrich Gaedcke isolated benzoylmethylecgonine, its active alkaloid.
  • The substance became widely known as an anesthetic in Europe.

Sigmund Freud was known to encourage the use of cocaine in 1884 as a therapeutic tonic.

Freud argued in his paper Uber Coca that cocaine has the ability to cure sexual impotence as well as depression. Due to its growing recognition from well-known individuals, the cocaine industry was formed and colonial powers began to scout for regions where they can farm coca. The plants, then, were brought over to Europe, Australia, India, and the rest of Southeast Asia. By 1920, the previously Dutch colony of Jana became the leading manufacturer of coca worldwide, exporting tons of coca leaves to companies in Netherlands. In the year 1925, this ended with the Geneva Convention that banned cocaine use for its addictive nature. However, as the people already knew that coca can grow outside of South America, they later reverted to Australia.

An Asst. Professor at the Texas Tech University in the Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Dr. John C. D'Auria conducted several studies on these plants and later revealed the intricacy of its cultivation.

While other illicit plants like marijuana can grow anywhere, coca is not as easy to grow. Dr. D'Auria revealed that the woody plant Erythroxylum coca is unlike the Cannabis sativa that is herbaceous. This difference is due to how they are cultivated. Coca has the capacity to grow 1,650-4,950 ft. in the humid Amazon forest giving its unusual proclivity for low atmospheric pressure and high moisture available in only a number of places outside of Andes. Dr. D'Auria pointed out that growing tens of coca plants can be enough for occasional chewing or for making tea but may not be enough to get the purified form of cocaine from the coca leaves expecting high-yield from illicit sales. He further exclaimed the difficulty of extracting a useful amount of the substance from the leaf of coca revealing that the process takes chemistry knowledge on top of skill. Because of this, Australian drug barons opted to import coke rather than to manufacture it themselves. However, there's another way that has been overlooked. The Australian cocaine shrub Erythroxylum australe native to the North Territory of Queensland and in the Northern New South Wales, contains 0.8 percent of medetomidine, the alkaloid comparable to cocaine although it is illegal to grow the plant in New South Wales. Detox of South Florida is committed to providing educational articles to help those who are struggling with addiction, to make the change to living an addiction free life. Check out this playlist for more information on Florida Drug Rehab.   [button link="tel:863-623-4923" type="big" color="green" newwindow="yes"] Call Now![/button]

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How Long Does It Take To Get Addicted To Opiates?

The beginnings of an opiate addiction are actually triggered by that initial rush of pleasure you get from the drug. On the other hand, the point wherein regular misuse or abuse of opiates transitions into compulsive drug use and cravings for the drug vary with each user and is dependent on a number of aspects.

Once you begin to use opiates, it may take several weeks to a few months before cravings start to appear. Along with the cravings are other drug-seeking behaviors that are most of the time associated with “bad” acts. There is yet to be a reliable source written on the exact timeline these manifestations show themselves.

The time it takes for you to develop an addiction can be altered based on several factors like:

  • What type of opiate are you taking and how strong is it?
  • How fast does your opiate make changes on the reward system of your brain that can imprint addiction?
  • How much of the drug are you taking?
  • How often are you using it?
  • How often do you ramp up your dosage?
  • Are you using multiple drugs?
  • Are you taking opiates simply for the treatment of pain?
  • Are you abusing it for the euphoric rush?

It does not take long for potent drugs like opiates to establish an addiction.

Whether you abuse an opiate or follow the prescription but for a prolonged time, your body needs to make adjustments for the presence of the drug as well as its effects. This is known as building drug tolerance. As your body is able to tolerate the amount of drug that you take in, you will have to take in more and more of the drug in order to attain the effects that you desire including the euphoric high and pain relief.

The moment you become tolerant, dependence will be creeping in afterward.

 

You can become an opiate dependent the moment you feel that you just cannot function normally when you are not taking opiates. There is no sure prediction or timeline to know how quickly this develops as it varies with each individual.

Those who start abusing copious amounts of opiates develop tolerance and dependence more quickly while for others, dependence and tolerance may take a slower onset even when you are using opiates the way it was prescribed.

The relapsing mental disease can overtake users in a number of ways.

Opiates are so powerful that caution must be taken when you use this type of drug. You must also watch out for the warning signs of a drug dependency and an addiction.

You may be addicted to opiates if you have reached a point that even willpower is not enough to stop or even just reduce your use of opiates. You may find that you are unable to control your need to take in high levels of opiates with increasing frequency. You may also be compelled to prioritize finding and using opiates more than anything in your life.

As such, other more important things like your work and your relationships no longer take center stage. The longer you use or abuse opiates, the more inevitable an addiction becomes.

Your genetic make-up can make you more susceptible.

You may be more at risk of drug abuse and addiction if another important person that makes up your genes was previously or is still addicted to opiates.

Your level of stress can make you an addict more quickly.

Stress can increase the level of cortisol in your system, increasing the activity of your limbic reward system and shortening the time it takes of the changes of addiction to take place in your brain.

Your psychological issues may cause an addiction.

Schizophrenia, depression, and other psychological issues may increase your likelihood of abuse and addiction as well.

Your environment plays a key role in the development of tolerance, dependence, and addiction.

 

You can be more susceptible to abuse opiates frequently if you are surrounded by an environment where it is easy to obtain and use drugs.

Even your metabolism can affect how quickly the drugs clear from your body. It is highly likely that you will increase the frequency of use just to stave off the symptoms of withdrawal.

Are you or a loved one is struggling with addiction to opiates? Don’t wait. Get help now before it’s too late.

 

 

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